Turkic languages - a family of languages spoken by numerous nationalities in Russia, Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Transcaucasia, Turkey, by parts of the population in Iran, Afganistan, Mongolia, China, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Albania. According to some researchers, the Turkic languages belong to the Altaic family together with the Manchu-Tungus and the Mongolian languages.

The following Turkic languages are generally regarded as native to Russia:

In addition, many other Turkic languages are also spoken in Russia:

  • Azerbaijani
  • Kazakh
  • Kirgiz
  • Turkmen
  • Uzbek


The oldest written texts in the Turkic languages date back to the 7th century. Texts in the Old Tatar literary language based on the Arabic script have survived beginning from the 13th century. The modern literary languages of the Turkic peoples in Russia have been created after the October revolution, first on the basis of the Arab and Latin, since the late 1930's - Cyrillic script.


Created by Esa.Anttikoski@joensuu.fi