Saami language - one of the Finno-Ugrian languages. Spoken in the northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and on the Kola peninsula in Russia. The number of the Saami in Russia is 1,8 thousand. 42,0 % of them regard Saami as their mother tongue, 56,8 % Russian. The total number of speakers is around 20 thousand.

The Saami in Sweden, Norway and Finland have Latin-based writing systems since the 17th century. In the beginning of the 1930's a Latin-based writing system was created for the Russian Saami (existed until 1937). A new written language based on the Cyrillic alphabet has been developed since the 1980's.

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