Respublika KomiKomi-Zyrian (Komi) language - one of the Finno-Ugric languages (Permic group). Spoken in the Republic of Komi, the Yamalo-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi autonomous districts and the Murmansk region. The number of the Komi-Zyrians in Russia is 336,3 thousand. 71,0 % of them regard Komi as their mother tongue, 28,9 % Russian. The language is divided into a number of local dialects.

An Old Permian (Komi) writing system was created in the 14th century by the Orthodox missionary Stepan Khrap. In the 17th century it was replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet. The modern Komi-Zyrian literary language based on the Syktyvkar dialect was formed after the October revolution. The so-called Molodtsov alphabet (a system of heavily modified Cyrillic graphems) was introduced in 1920, in the beginning of the 1930's the writing system was Latinized, and from the end of the 1930's the Komis have been using the Russian alphabet with additional letters.


Created by Esa.Anttikoski@joensuu.fi