Minority languages of Russia
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Khakas language - one of the Turkic languages. Spoken in the Republic of Khakasia, neighbouring districts of the Krasnoyarsk region and the Republic of Tuva. The number of the Khakas in Russia is 78,5 thousand. 76,6 % of them regard Khakas as their mother tongue, 23,1 % Russian. Dialects: Sagay, Kacha, Kyzyl and Shor.
The literary Khakas language was formed during the Soviet era on the basis of the Sagay and Kacha dialects. A Russian-based script was used in 1924-29, Latin alphabet was adopted in 1929, and since 1939 the written language is again based on the Russian script.
Created by Esa.Anttikoski@joensuu.fi