Minority languages of Russia
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Erzya (Erzya-Mordovian) language - one of the Mordovian languages belonging to the Finno-Ugric family. Spoken in the eastern part of the Republic of Mordovia, in the Samara, Penza, Orenburg, Ulyanovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov, Chelyabinsk and other regions, in Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Chuvashia. The number of the Mordovians in Russia is 1 073 thousand. 69,0 % of them regard the Mordovian languages (Erzya or Moksha) as their mother tongue, 30,8 % Russian.
The Erzya literary language was formed after the October revolution of 1917. It is based on the dialect of the village of Kozlovka in the Atyashevo district of Mordovia. The norms of the literary language were unified by 1930. The writing system has been based on the Russian alphabet since the 18th century.
Created by Esa.Anttikoski@joensuu.fi