Minority languages of Russia
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Buryat language - one of the Mongolian languages. Spoken in the Republic of Buryatia, Ust-Ordyn and Aginsk autonomic districts, in northern Mongolia and in the northwestern part of China. The number of the Buryats in Russia is 417,4 thousand. 86,6 % of them regard Buryat as their mother tongue, 13,3 % Russian.
From the end of the 17th century the Buryats used the Old Mongolian literary language. The Buryat literary language was created after the October revolution. A Latin-based alphabet was adopted in 1931, and in 1939 the language was switched into the Cyrillic script. The modern literary language is based on the Khorin dialect.
Created by Esa.Anttikoski@joensuu.fi