Minority languages of Russia
on the Net
Bashkir language - one of the Turkic languages. Spoken in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Samara, Kurgan and Sverdlovsk regions. The number of the Bashkirs in Russia is 1 million 345,3 thousand. 72,8 % of them regard Bashkir as their mother tongue, 10,1 % Russian. 227,8 thousand Bashkirs regard Tatar as their mother tongue.
Until the beginning of the 20th century the Bashkirs used a local variety of the Central Asian Turkic written language and later adopted the Tatar literary language. The Bashkir literary language was created after 1917. Arabic script was used until 1928. In 1929 the literary language was switched into the Latin and in 1939 into the Cyrillic script.
General information on the Bashkir language
Education and science
Sites in the Bashkir language
Created by Esa.Anttikoski@joensuu.fi